Time Line
Last updated
14 Feb 2000
This is a general time line for events in Australia and New Zealand.
UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Australia
New Zealand
     
     
    
 
     
    
1806
     
William Gilbert Puckey travels with his family, accompanying Samuel Marsden to the Bay of Islands in NZ from NSW
1819
  Puckey and his sister Elizabeth grow up in close association with the Maori
    
1820
Hongi Hiki, One of the important Maori warriors from the Bay of Islands region of NZ travels to England
    
 
     
Joseph Matthews arrives in Sydney aboard the 'Argyle', one of the Church Missionary School's newest recruits
Sept.
1831
     
    
Oct
1831
 William Gilbert Puckey marries Matilda Davis
    
Mar
1832
Joseph Matthews travels to Paihia, in the Bay of Islands of New Zealand where he meets a woman he has only dreamed about
    
mid
1833
 He travels north to the Kaitaia region to reconnoiter, largely at the request of local Maori, then returns to Paihia
    
Oct
1833
 Joseph Matthews holds the first church service in Kaitaia, in a church built of raupo
    
Dec
1833
 Joseph Matthews marries the woman he dreamed of, Mary Ann Davis, sister to Matilda Puckey
    
1834
 Matthews and Puckey families move to Kaitaia to start their mission station in ernest
    
 
     
    
 
     
Ship 'Cygnet' arrives at Holdfast Bay, near what would become Adelaide, with one James Hoare and pregnant wife Sarah Angel aboard.
1836
     
John 'Rapid' Hoare born. He is recorded as the first white child to be born in Sth Australia.  
Nov
1836
     
    
     
German Lutherans arrive in South Australia to found a colony free from persecution. They established the settlement of Klemzig just north of Adelaide.
1838
     
    
1840
 Treaty of Waitangi signed
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
1843
'St. Pauli' arrives in Nelson, with German immigrants, including Subritzky, Spanhake and Körber families, among others
    
 
  Conflict with the Maoris over land, and the non-allocation of pre-paid land by their agent disheartens many of the Germans
    
Sept.
1844
'Skiold' arrives in Nelson with second lot of Germans
    
  More Maori troubles. Some settlers leave for Australia.
    
 
  After a futile final attempt to get the land owed to them, the Subritzkys, Spanhakes and Körbers leave for Adelaide and the flourishing German colonies there.
'Palmyra' arrives in Adelaide after a passage of 29 days
August
1845
'Palmyra' leaves Nelson for Adelaide on 23 August 1845
The three families probably settled in Klemzig, a German settlement close to the north of Adelaide. There is no record of them at the alternate Hahndorf settlement. 
 
     
Ludolf Subritzky marries Maria Westphal, the oldest of three girls who had travelled from Nelson with them. 
Late
1845
     
The Spanhakes have a son (William Henry) 
Sept.
1846
     
Ludolf and Maria Subritzky's first child (Marien) is born and dies 
Oct.
1846
     
Ludolf and Maria Subritzky's second child (August Henry) is born and dies 
July
1848
     
Doris Spanhake dies in childbirth at the Barossa valley. 
1849
     
John Anton Subritzky marries Betsy Hoare in Adelaide 
1850
First commercial interest in Kauri Gum in the Far North of NZ. Trial shipments to the UK and USA
Gold discovered in Victoria near Ballarat, by one Thomas Hiscock
1851
     
John Anton and Betsy's first child (Sophia Doris) born 
May
1851
     
John Anton completes his butchers apprenticeship 
1851
     
  Edward Ferdinand Wagener arrives in Australia from Hesse-Cassel, in what was about to become Germany
1853
     
The Subritzky brothers and their families shift into the goldfields, but only in 1854 did they settle in Maldon, setting up a butchery and shops that sold eggs and other produce as well 
1854
     
John Anton and Betsy's second child (John William Henry) born 
Jun
1854
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
Miners killed at the Eureka Stockade
Dec
1854
     
    
 
     
    
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
Maldon proclaimed a municipality
1858
     
John Anton elected as one of 7 councillors for the townWagener family first meets Subritzky family, in Maldon 
1858
     
Weckert family arrives in Adelaide on the 'Sophia'
1858
     
    
1859
Joseph Matthews of Kaitaia ordained as a minister
Subritzky family hears of the upcoming sale of land in NZ, particularly Kawau Island, nth of Auckland. Some of the family go to Sydney to arrange passage to NZ. John Anton and his family remained in Maldon 
late
1859,
Jan
1860
  Ludolph and Heinrich sail from Sydney to Auckland on the steamship 'Prince Alfred'
    
Feb
1860
  Ludolph and Heinrich charter the 'Dolphin' to travel north and inspect Kawau Island.
    
  The brothers continue north and inspect land in the Awanui region, north of Mangonui, plus the 'Ohore' land at what is now Houhora
    
 
  Governor George Grey beat them to the purchase of Kawau, so they proceeded with the northern purchases
    
Apr
1860
to
Jun
1861
  Subritzky homestead built at the heads of Houhora Harbour, with Mt. Camel overlooking. At this time Sophie, Maria and the children remained in Sydney.
Edward Ferdinand Wagener marries Louisa Spanhake in Maldon 
Aug
1861
     
    
early
1862
  Ludolph takes passage to Sydney on a whaling ship.
    
Feb
1862
  Ludolph chartered the 'Montezuma' and took his family back to NZ, with the exception of Old Sophie who remained in Sydney
Frederick Edward Augustus (Edward) 1 Wagener born at Maldon 
Jun
1862
     
Louis Gustavus Henry Wagener 2 born at Maldon 
1864
     
Frederick Henry Ferdinand (Fred) 3 Wagener born at Maldon 
Jun
1865
     
Herbert Walter Subritzky born to John Anton and Betsy 
Sep
1866
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
Louis Gustavus Henry Wagener 2 dies at Maldon 
1868
     
John Anton sells up the family interests in Maldon 
Apr
1868
  John Anton sails to New Zealand on the 'Prince Alfred' with his family and joins his clan in Houhora
Eleanor Sophia Doris (Lena) Wagener 4 born at Maldon 
May
1868
     
    
 
     
Louisa Maria Henrietta (Weza) Wagener 5 born at Maldon 
Nov
1878
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
early
1880's
The first 'Dallie' families came to the Far North to dig gum. These were known as 'Austrians' but came from what we now know as Croatia and Serbia
Doris Elise Wagener 6 born at Maldon 
Feb
1882
     
Edward Wagener 1 leaves Maldon due to poor work prospects        
1883
Edward travels to New Zealand and works in Auckland
    
Jan
1884
Joseph Matthews performed the ceremony at KaitaiaEdward marries Louisa Bertha Leyland, widowed daughter of Ludolph Subritzky, in Kaitaia. In doing so he accepts her son Edward Ludolf (Lu) Leyland.
Elsie Augusta Maria Wagener 7 born at Maldon 
Mar
1884
     
    
Jul
1884
 Ludolph Subritzky (Louisa's father) dies and is buried on Mt. Camel
    
Sep
1884
 Frederick Ferdinand (Fred) Wagener born in Auckland
    
Jan
1886
 Harold Bernard (Hally) Wagener born in Auckland
John Henry Benjamin Wagener 8 born in Maldon  
Jul
1886 
     
    
 
     
 Edward Wagener 1 settles back in Maldon where he gets a job managing the gas works
1887
Edward returns to Australia, taking his young family with him, and a pregnant wife, plus stepson Lu Leyland
    
May
1887
St. Saviour's Church at Kaitaia consecrated
 Albert Ulysses (Bert) Wagener born at Maldon 
Oct
1887
     
    
 
     
    
1887
 Thomas family moves from Auckland to Herekino on the coastal vessel 'Oreti', including 2 yr old Lillian
    
Jul
1891
 Thomas family moves from Herekino to Pukenui, on the Houhora Harbour. Harold Tahana Thomas born a few days later, in a tent, with a Maori midwife
 Percy Melville Wagener born at Maldon 
Oct
1891
     
 Maud Winifred Wagener born in Gippsland, VIC 
Feb
1890
     
    
 
     
 Wilfred Ernest Wagener born at Maldon 
Aug
1893
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
1895
First school opens in Houhora
    
1895
Rev Joseph Matthews dies at Kaitaia at the age of 87
    
 
     
 At the insistence of his wife Edward Wagener 1 leaves comfortable Maldon for NZ once again
1897
In NZ they buy the Subritzky homestead, largely to keep it in the family. In Houhora Edward worked as a blacksmith, and dug gum
    
Nov
1897
 Ludolph's wife Maria Subritzky dies and is buried on Mt. Camel (Louisa's mother)
    
 
     
Death of Louisa Wagener (née Spanhake), wife of the original Wagener, in Maldon 
Dec
1899
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
Doris Wagener 6 marries Christopher Roberts in Victoria   
1900
     
    
Abt
1900
Kauri Gum became in demand and gumdiggers moved north by the thousands to toil in the swamps. Most of this activity was around Dargaville, at the head of the Kaipara Harbour, and on the Aupouri Peninsula, north of Kaitaia.
    
Feb
1900
 John Anton's wife Betsy Subritzky dies in Awanui
1901
Waiharara School opened in Kaimaumau Rd
    
Nov
1902
The vessel 'Elingamite' strikes the Three Kings Islands in fog and sinks; one lifeboat reaches Houhora with 57 survivors.
    
1903
Houhora Hotel, 'last pub north', is opened
    
 
     
John Henry Benjamin Wagener 8 joins the Victorian Police force, giving his previous occupation as Blacksmith  
Mar
1908
     
Death of Edward Ferdinand Wagener, in Maldon 
Sep
1908
     
    
 
     
    
Aug
1910
 Bert Wagener marries Lillian Thomas at Pukenui
    
1911
Ngataki School opened  
    
Oct
1912
 John Anton Subritzky dies in Auckland
    
 
     
World wide influenza epidemic hits Australia
1918
and New Zealand particularly badly.
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
 
     
    
Aug
1935
 Edward's wife Louisa Wagener dies and is buried on Mt. Camel
    
 
     
    
Jul
1944
 Edward Wagener dies and is buried on Mt. Camel
    
 
     
    
1949
Waiharara School moved to present site beside main highway

SHIPS | HOME | |EMAIL |